ayahuasca: Banisteriopsis caapi
Banisteriopsis caapi is a South American hallucinogenic vine in the Malpighiaceae plant family, and is well recognised as the main ingredient of the famous sacred drink called ‘ayahuasca’ along with the plant Psychotria viridis.
Ayahuasca: Banisteriopsis caapi
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Banisteriopsis caapi and Psychotria viridis (Ayahuasca)
Banisteriopsis caapi is a South American hallucinogenic vine in the Malpighiaceae plant family, and is well recognised as a main ingredient of the famous sacred drink called ‘ayahuasca’ along with the plant Psychotria viridis[92,93]. The brew has been traditionally used by ethnic groups for ritual, medicinal and recreational purposes [94,95]. Over the last decade, the use of ayahuasca has spread outside of South America to some religious groups in the USA and European countries as a NPS material . The beverage is usually prepared by boiling or soaking two or more potent psychotropic plants that are native to the Amazon. The most commonly used plants are the stems of the vine B. caapi together with an adjuvant plant for instance the leaves of certain Rubiaceae species such as P. viridis, or Diplopterys cabrerana (Malpighiaceae; syn. Banisteriopsis rusbyana) as well as plants in the Solanaceae family such as Nicotiana sp., Datura sp. and even Capsicum sp [92,97,98]. The major components reported in B. caapi are β-carboline alkaloid derivatives (0.05–1.95% of dry weight), which mainly include harmine, harmaline and tetrahydroharmine