The roots are blood tonic, cardiac and stomachic. A tea is used in the treatment of stomach aches, ulcers, diarrhoea, anaemia and heart troubles. A poultice of the root is applied to swellings, sore muscles and tumours. The finely grated roots were secretly added to food as an alleged aphrodisiac. An infusion of the leaves has been used to procure an abortion. An infusion of the fresh or dried leaves has been used to treat a sore throat.